OPRC – Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response & Co-operation

OPRCInternational Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC)

Adoption: 30 November 1990; Entry into force: 13 May 1995

In July 1989, a conference of leading industrial nations in Paris called upon IMO to develop further measures to prevent pollution from ships. This call was endorsed by the IMO Assembly in November of the same year and work began on a draft convention aimed at providing a global framework for international co-operation in combating major incidents or threats of marine pollution now termed as OPRC. 

Parties to the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC) are required to establish measures for dealing with pollution incidents, either nationally or in co-operation with other countries.

A Protocol to the OPRC relating to hazardous and noxious substances (OPRC-HNS Protocol) was adopted in 2000.

Level 0 – Introduction to Oil Spills – (1 day)

The prime purpose of this course is to provide a first introduction to the essential elements of oil spill preparedness and response. The objective is to provide outline knowledge of the principles and issues associated with the response to oil spills. 

  • Fate and behaviour of oil and the implications for response
  • Contingency planning
  • Hazards to personnel and responding safely
  • Response strategies
  • Command and control
  • Waste management
  • Liability and compensation
  • Media management
Level 1 – Response to Oil Spills for First Responders – (5 days)

The course is designed with the aim of improving the skills of field response personnel responsible for undertaking on-site clean up operations and to provide them with a complete overview of the various techniques available for recovering oil spilled at sea and cleaning of polluted shorelines.

The course focuses on, and provides in-depth knowledge and skills in, on-site first response to oil spills with the emphasis on combat and clean-up technologies.

  • Fate and behaviour of oil and the implications for response
  • Alert, mobilisation and reporting of spills
  • Containment and recovery systems
  • The use of dispersants
  • Shoreline clean-up and protection techniques
  • Hazards to personnel and responding safely
  • Care and maintenance of equipment
  • Equipment commissioning
  • Waste management – transfer, storage and disposal
  • Practical exercises
  • Table-top exercises
Level 2 – Response to Oil Spills for Supervisors and On-scene Commanders – (5 days)

This course is designed for onsite coordinators who will lead or supervise oil spill response teams and those with field support responsibilities within an incident command or emergency team. 

  • Oil spill behaviour, fate and effects
  • Environmental Impact
  • Contingency planning, response management and organization
  • Spill Assessment
  • Responder safety
  • The use of dispersants
  • Containment, protection and recovery of oil
  • Waste transfer, storage and disposal
  • Alternative response strategies
  • Operations planning
  • Liability, claims and compensation
  • Dealing with the media, NGOs and the community
  • Response deactivation
  • Post incident briefing
  • Practical exercise
  • Table-top exercises
Level 3 – Response to Oil Spills for Administrators and Senior Managers – (3 days)

This course is designed for all senior managers, administrators and senior officials who may be involved in planning for or managing the response to an oil spill. The course entails classroom activities only.

  • Causes, fate and effects of oil spills
  • Risk evaluation and contingency planning
  • Oil spill modelling
  • Environmental Impact
  • Spill response strategies, successes and limitations
  • Liability and Compensation
  • International cooperation – the legal framework
  • Spill management roles and responsibilities
  • Case histories
  • Local, national, regional and international regulations
  • Dealing with the media, NGOs and the community
  • Practical exercises
  • Table-top exercises

CourseFee INRDurationCourse TimingDate CommenceRemarks
Level 0
1 day
10:00-18:00On Demand
Level 125,0005 days10:00-18:00On DemandPractical Training
Level 225,0005 days10:00-18:00On DemandPractical Training
Level 325,0003 days10:00-18:00On DemandPractical Training